Recent blog posts

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the role of Certification Maintenance.

Discuss the History of Certification Maintenance Requirements (CMR) related to FAA and EASA type certification of aircraft, and to consider the methodology and challenges related System Safety Assessment Process.

Introduction

The Certification Maintenance Requirements (CMR) are regulations established by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the United States and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) in Europe.

The concept of CMRs evolved over time to ensure that certified aircraft maintain their airworthiness throughout their operational life.

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (formerly the Joint Aviation Authorities) was established in 2002 to harmonize aviation regulations across Europe. EASA adopted the CMR concept as part of its certification process.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers best practices together with the biggest challenges concerning effective communication of organisational business change.

Introduction

Effective communication is a critical component of successful change management in the workplace. It is important to develop a clear communication plan which outlines the key messages, channels, and timing of your communication. The communication should be focused and aimed specifically at the target audience.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers in detail the instructions and guidance for the connection and onboarding of potable water to an aircraft

Introduction

The objective is to ensure that clean, potable water is safely and efficiently onboarded to an aircraft.

>> Potable water must be carefully loaded onto an aircraft to guarantee that it is safely and efficiently onboarded to an aircraft, ensuring the health and safety of all onboard.

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EASA Aviation Training for Trainers - Facing the Challenges of Training an Adult Group                                                                      

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com Considers the key challenges which face aviation instructors engaging with adult groups

Introduction

There are lots of examples of theories and ideas regarding how people learn. You may even come up with your own theories :) never the less it is important to understand that all people learn differently so they have to be an integral part of the process.

Training an adult group comes with its own unique set of challenges.

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EASA Aviation Trainers Learning Path Considerations

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the key aspects of an Aviation Instructors Learning Path.

Introduction

Please Lets have a clear understanding here because it is important to understand that a 5 day Train the Trainer course does not “Deliver” us as a trainer and clearly we would be naïve if we were to believe this to be so.

So we are on a Journey of Discovery – How to become Strong & Effective Instructors, Trainers & Mentors?

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the typical duties of an EASA Part 145 Workshop Maintenance Manager

Introduction Workshop MM - Responsible for

>> The satisfactory completion and certification of all work required by contracted operators/customers in accordance with the work specification (Work Order and approved MOE procedures);

ensuring that the organisation's procedures and standards are complied with when carrying out maintenance;

>> Ensuring the competency of all personnel engaged in maintenance;

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the key elements to be included in a Cyber Security Audit Checklist.

Introduction

This checklist provides a starting point to evaluate the cybersecurity management and emergency response system of an airline. It should be tailored to the specific requirements and risks faced by the airline and can be expanded or modified as needed.

The following elements should be considered when you are constructing your organisational-specific EASA Compliant Cyber Security Audit Checklist.

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 Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com reviews the regulatory requirements driven by ED Decision 2022/011/R concerning the amendment of the AMC & GM to Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 in the context of  SMS in Part-145 and Occurrence reporting

>> Amendment of the AMC & GM to Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014

  • ‘SMS in Part-145’ and ‘Occurrence reporting’

Introduction

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the primary issues that need to be addressed to ensure the effective implementation of a fully viable Safety Management System within the EASA Part 145 Organisation.

Introduction

Transitioning from a Pre SMS compliant EASA Part 145 organization to the introduction of a Safety Management System (SMS) can pose several challenges. However, with practical implementation and the employment of best practices and optimization, the process can help overcome these challenges and reap the benefits of an effective SMS.

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Sofema Online (SOL)  (www.sofemaonline.com) identifies the appropriate DG Awareness Training for EASA Part 145 Staff and in particular Stores and Stores Inspection Staff.

Introduction

For staff working in warehouses dealing with the handling of aircraft spare parts and aircraft consumables, the applicable training is the Sofema Online course - Competency Based DG Training - Personnel Responsible for Handling in a Warehouse, Load and Unload.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the key aspects related to the need to manage organisational change.

Managing organisational change in aviation requires careful planning, communication, and involvement of employees and stakeholders. Safety, regulatory compliance, and competency aspects must also be considered when implementing any change.

Introduction

In the aviation industry, managing organizational change is particularly important due to the constantly evolving landscape of the industry, driven by factors such as advances in technology, changes in regulations, and shifts in consumer demand. Managing change can be challenging due to the complexity of the industry, regulations, safety concerns, and the need for high competence levels.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the type of defects that may be encountered during the Inspection of Aircraft Composite Material.

Introduction

The significance of composite damage is dependent upon the function of the structure and the type and extent of the damage.

>> The most likely cause of damage, approximately 80%, is impact, often the result of ground handling. This may produce many of the damage types discussed here.
>> The most significant damage types are

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the relationship between ANNEX II of CAR-PART I-CAR-BR and CAR AIR OPS

Introduction

Within the GCAA, the Basic Regulation, also known as CAR-PART I-CAR-BR, establishes the fundamental regulatory framework for air operations in the UAE.

>> ANNEX II of CAR-PART I-CAR-BR outlines the Essential Requirements for Air Operations. These requirements set the standards and guidelines that operators, pilots, and other aviation stakeholders must adhere to in order to maintain safe and efficient air operations in the UAE.

>> GCAA CAR AIR OPS play a crucial role in regulating and overseeing air operations in the UAE. By establishing clear guidelines and standards.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers key aspects of the management of Instructional Competence

  

Introduction

Competence is the ability of an individual to perform a task correctly

>> Typically a set of defined elements provides a structured guide enabling the identification, evaluation and development of the behaviors in the individual employees

>> Competence may be considered as a combination of is a combination of individual skills, practical and theoretical knowledge, attitudes, training, and experience.

>> Delivering effective training relies on a complex mix of Subject Knowledge, familiarity with Processes and procedures, Human Factors and the impact of the Safety Culture within the workplace.

>> Competence can be negatively affected by aspects of physical, medical or mental fitness which should also be considered on an ongoing basis.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com looks at the various elements within a CAR AIR OPS-approved organisation.

Introduction - AMC1 ORO.GEN.200(a)(6) Management system - Compliance Monitoring — General

Compliance monitoring

>> The operator should specify the basic structure of the compliance monitoring function applicable to the activities conducted.
>> The compliance monitoring function should be structured according to the size of the operator and the complexity of the activities to be monitored;

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers how we can generate improvements related to Audit Performance Delivery During EASA Compliance Audits including purpose, overview and challenges.

Introduction

Measuring effective performance delivery during EASA compliance audits provides an enhancement to the basic “prescriptive” compliance audit and helps to ensure that aviation organizations are meeting EASA's safety standards.

Effective performance delivery refers to the ability of an organization to deliver its services or products consistently and efficiently while adhering to EASA regulations.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the fundamentals concerning regulatory oversight of an EASA compliant Reliability Program

 Aviation Regulatory Authorities face several challenges in auditing and ensuring effective oversight of operator Mandatory Aircraft Reliability Programs. These challenges include

>> The complexity of the programs

>> The need for specialized technical expertise

>> The limited resources of regulatory agencies

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com looks at the use of Risk-Based Oversight in support of the Aviation System

Introduction - ICAO Drivers for Risk-Based Oversight

ICAO recognizes the importance of risk-based oversight systems in aviation and has developed a set of drivers to support their implementation. These drivers are designed to help aviation authorities and operators understand the benefits of risk-based oversight and to provide guidance on how to implement such a system effectively.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers oversight fundamentals related to the assessment of an EASA Compliant Quality Assurance System (QAS) / Compliance Management System (CMS)

Introduction – Oversight activities based on looking at how the organisation looks at itself

The Accountable Manager within the EASA system is directly responsible to ensure financing of any aspect of the business which directly contributes to the showing of compliance with regulatory requirements.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the Maintenance Check Flight (MCF) Requirements to comply with GM CAR M.301(i) Continuing airworthiness tasks

Introduction - MAINTENANCE CHECK FLIGHTS (MCFs)

The definition of and operational requirements for MCFs are laid down in the Air Operations Regulation and are carried out under the control and responsibility of the aircraft operator. During the flight preparation, the flight and the post-flight activities as well as for the aircraft handover, the processes requiring the involvement of the maintenance organisations or their personnel should be agreed in advance with the operator.

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